Top down and bottom up controls (on wastewater treatment plants)
Energy, News, and Climate / Science

Top down and bottom up controls (on wastewater treatment plants)

Top down and bottom up: two ideas often discussed in biology. Specifically, the idea that an organisms population is controlled by both bottom up controls (things like the amount of food around, temperature, freshwater availability) and top down controls (i.e., predation). But today, I’ll be thinking about ‘top down’ and ‘bottom up’ in a widely … Continue reading

Some do’s and don’ts of scientific presentations
Conference Rundowns / Science and Communication

Some do’s and don’ts of scientific presentations

I have recently returned to coastal NC after attending the 2017 Biennial Coastal Estuarine Research Federation (CERF) conference in Providence, Rhode Island. It was an extremely productive conference that allowed me the opportunity to present my research, network with leading experts in my field, get out of the UNC bubble, and see lots and lots … Continue reading

I got my ‘Eye on Water’
How do we science? / Science / Scientists in Action!

I got my ‘Eye on Water’

Before writing this post, I did a quick search of UNdertheC looking for any hits related to ‘citizen science’, and surprisingly, nothing came up. I guess this means this will be the first post, tangentially related, to what is known as citizen science. So what is citizen science? The formal definition is: ‘the collection and … Continue reading

The scientific method in real life
How do we science? / Policy / Science

The scientific method in real life

One of the very first things anybody learns about science is the scientific method. Observation, hypothesis, experiment, conclusion. It’s the scientific creed. The motto scientists live by. But, despite the seemingly simple 4-steps, in reality, the scientific method is a tortuous path that can be slow, complicated, winding, and at times, incredibly frustrating. To really … Continue reading